Why Do Indian Trains Have Different Colors? Exploring the Meaning Behind Indian Train Colors

indian trains railway blue train red train

Have you ever wondered why trains in India have different colors? It turns out that these colors are not just randomly assigned, but they actually have significant meanings. The Indian railway has carefully color-coordinated its trains to convey important information.

Let’s start with the majority of Indian trains, which are blue in color. The Mail Express and Superfast trains have blue-colored coaches. This blue color signifies that these trains run at a speed of 70-140 km/h. These coaches are manufactured at the Integral Coach Factory (ICF) in Perambur, Chennai. Built with iron and equipped with air-brake technology, these coaches ensure a safe and comfortable journey for passengers.

On the other hand, the red-colored coaches, known as Link Hoffmann Bush (LHB) coaches, were imported from Germany in the year 2000. These coaches are now manufactured in Kapurthala, Punjab. Made with aluminum, they are lightweight, allowing the trains to reach speeds of up to 200 km/h. The red color coaches are usually assigned to trains like Rajdhani and Shatabdi, which are known for their high-speed travel. With the addition of disc brakes, these trains offer a smooth and efficient journey.

For those who are looking for a more affordable alternative to expensive AC tickets on long routes, the Garib Rath trains are the answer. These trains are distinguished by their green color. The green color symbolizes the budget-friendly nature of these trains, making them accessible to a wider range of passengers.

Additionally, there are other colors used for specific types of trains. Metre-gauge trains are brown in color, while narrow gauge trains are light-colored. However, these trains are not commonly in service in India.

So, the next time you hop on a train in India, you’ll know that its color holds a deeper meaning. Whether it’s the blue coaches indicating a moderate speed, the red coaches symbolizing high-speed travel, or the green coaches representing an economical option, each color tells a story about the train’s characteristics.